President Erdogan has not managed their situation adroitly to this point. Turkey is beset by Kurds within and without, and overrun by Syrian refugees while hostile Russia has military assets on three sides of Turkey. Shooting down a Russian plane over Syria wasn't smart and Turkish demands for U.S. backing have largely fallen on deaf ears. Sly finishes by quoting a professor of international relations in Ankara:
This is a country that has often had problems in the past, but the scale of what is happening now is beyond Turkey’s capacity for digestion.Some have argued that World War III could break out when NATO goes to Turkey's aid in the event they are clumsy enough to get into a shooting war with Russia. This eventuality is unlikely, inasmuch as NATO is currently in no mood to bail out the Turks.
What’s happening in Syria is a question of survival for Erdogan, so it is not possible to rule anything out. For Turkey, there is no good scenario from now on.